Miami Dade College Multicultural Environment in Healthcare Field Discussion

Question Description

Please respond to these 2 different research paper separately. The response should be 1 to 2 paragraphs per research paper with 250 words including 2 differents reference and citation per each paragraph.

Transcultural Diversity and Healthcare

 Transcultural diversity is all around us. Every day we meet different people of varying cultures all who possess many different ethnical background differences, beliefs, values and ideas. Whether people define themselves as internal migrants, immigrants or even just vacationers they all expect to be treated with respect when it comes to their ethical standards and health care practices (Purnell, & Fenkl, 2019). The Health-care field is a system that provides health care to many individuals and communities. These two terms interact together many times all over the country and their states. This country is known for being a melting pot of different cultures and their people. The healthcare field needs to be equipped in knowing how to best conform their patients to their basic needs while paying respect to their beliefs and customs. 

    The healthcare field is a broad area that needs diversity all around it. A culturally competent healthcare consists of having diverse system, staff and personnel that represents the population they serve. Now with these changing and trying times especially, the individuals that work in the health care field need to be both socially and culturally aware of how to treat their patients to provide both respect and a better overall care to their patients. This helps to increase the client’s satisfaction and reduces the disparities and complications that can arise due to gender, race and ethnic differences (McFarland & Wehbe-Alamah, 2018). 

     Both transcultural diversity and healthcare are terms that link up to help with delivering better care across different heritages. Together, they help the patients feel more at ease and more comfortable with their healthcare providers and teams. Once a patient is content with who and how their healthcare is being provided, they will feel more open and inclined to disclose their healthcare concerns at hand. The need to provide cultural diversity in the healthcare field requires nurses and doctors to investigate and learn about the different cultures all around. 

Variant Characteristics of Culture

   Culture is complex term compromised of many elements, it can be based on its religion, history, language, customs, beliefs and values. For many, it is a source of identity. Some characteristics of culture are defined as learned, shared, dynamic, symbolic and integrated. An important notion to understand is, that culture is something people learn; it is not something that an individual is automatically born with. Individuals start to learn about their culture at a young age, they learn and absorb from those around them, for example, family and friends; this process is known as enculturation (Mesoudi, 2016). In today’s day and age, the media also has a drastic toll on the way people understand their culture.   

    Two important characteristics of culture are that it is both dynamic and shared. Culture constantly interacts with many other cultures and with time, symbols such as language and roles and many ideas or beliefs exchange and cultures start to mix. With the world constantly evolving, cultures learn to mold themselves and adapt to the change. Integration of cultures is known as holism, this means that in order to understand a particular culture in its entirety and comprehend the way it all interconnects, you must first prepare to learn about all the aspects pertaining to that culture, not only just a few details. Understanding the different characteristics of culture helps those in the healthcare field be more aware of how-to better care of their patients. 


McFarland, M. R., & Wehbe-Alamah, H. B. (2018). Leininger’s transcultural nursing: Concepts, theories, research & practice. McGraw Hill Professional.

Mesoudi, A. (2016). Cultural evolution: a review of theory, findings and controversies. Evolutionary biology43(4), 481-497. 

Purnell, L. D., & Fenkl, E. A. (2019). Transcultural diversity and health care. In Handbook for Culturally Competent Care (pp. 1-6). Springer

Please reply to Research # 2 Melany

Need to reply with 1 to 2 paragraphs with 250 words including 2 different reference with citation

Transcultural diversity and healthcare are the provision of health care services and the sensitivity of the cultural variances as the healthcare worker focuses on discrete patients, their wants, and their preferences. Through transcultural diversity and healthcare, you demonstrate respect to your patients over their culture through seeking information from them about their beliefs and how they relate to healthcare practices. When handling a patient from a different culture than your cultural background, it is important to ensure that you are aware, and you respect his or her cultural needs and opinions. If not, the client may contemplate it insensitive, uncaring, and possibly incompetent. The health care provider should not assume that an individual from specific culture acts and similarly conducts the same way as him or her. It is unhealthy for a healthcare provider to stereotype patients (Purnell & Fenkl, 2019). To avoid stereotyping, healthcare workers should treat each client as discrete and access his cultural grounds and preferences through a cultural assessment tool or questionnaire.

A part of each cultural background influences the behaviour of each patient. On the other hand, there are some attributes and attitudes that are associated with a given cultural group. However, in healthcare, the healthcare providers need to avoid stereotyping the clients, considering each of the patients as a different individual. Not all the people that come from a common cultural background share the same behaviours and views. Collecting personal preference from the patients helps the healthcare provider in the provision of medical services with ease. Transcultural diversity in health care enables healthcare providers to communicate with foreign patients easily. Also, the health care provider can be able to determine if the patient’s health beliefs have any relations to the illness and the status of the family as well as the influence.

A culture has various characteristics involved. Some of the characteristics describe culture as learned, dynamic, shared, and integrated. Culture is learned and cannot be inherited as a biological aspect. Most of the learning that takes place in a culture is unconscious. Culture is learned from families, peers, learning institution, organizations, as well as from the media. Culture is a process that is learned through a method called enculturation (Mesoudi, 2016). Humans fulfil their biological needs based on the cultures they belong to. The way people fulfil them varies depending on the culture of the individual. In addition, culture is also characterised as dynamic. This means that the culture interacts and changes from time to time. A culture is in contact with other cultures, thus enabling borrowing and selling of ideas from one culture to the other. Cultures change and due to flexibility, they can adapt to the changing environment. Every culture has its own unique way that the members use to fulfil necessities such as nourishment, sleep, and sex.

The changing of the cultures also leads to the interrogation of cultures. During an integration of a culture, one aspect is changed, and it is likely that the aspect will change the entire culture, thus adapting to the changing environments. The integration of cultures is identified as holism, as several fragments of a culture are being connected.  The integration explains how the aspects of cultures are interconnected and for one to understand the culture, he or she must learn about all of its parts. Also, culture is shared amidst the members of the cultural group. The members of the cultural groups can act in a socially appropriate way and they can also be able to predict how others will act (Buskell, 2017).  However, having the shared nature of culture is not considered homogenous. There are several cultural domains that are in any given civilization.


Buskell, A. (2017). What are cultural attractors?. Biology & philosophy32(3), 377-394. Retrieved from

Mesoudi, A. (2016). Cultural evolution: a review of theory, findings and controversies. Evolutionary biology43(4), 481-497. Retrieved from

Purnell, L. D., & Fenkl, E. A. (2019). Transcultural diversity and health care. In Handbook for Culturally Competent Care (pp. 1-6). Springer, Cham. Retrieved from

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