Miami Dade College Haitian and Iranian Heritage Discussion

Please respond to these 2 different research paper separately. The response should be 1 to 2 paragraphs per research paper with a minimum of 220 words including 2 different reference and citation per each paragraph.

Need to reply with 1 to 2 paragraphs with a minimum of 250 words including 2 different reference with citation

Haitian and Iranian Heritage

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A significant facet that defines America is its cosmopolitan nature. The United States of America has its roots in immigration, and it is not by chance that scholars have severally referred to it as a nation of immigrants. Despite hosting people from different backgrounds, the country has galvanized into a united nation that accommodates everyone. Even so, the influence of heritage on people’s lives cannot be ignored. Culture defines people’s perspectives on not only politics but also health, socio-cultural, and economic matters. This paper discusses people of Haitian and Iranian heritage and how their background tends to shape their perspective on issues.

Geographical Profiles of Iran and Haiti

Haiti is a country in the Caribbean that borders the Dominican Republic. The country covers an area of 27,750 km2 and has a population of 11 million. The Islamic Republic of Iran, on the other hand, is a country located in Western Asia. The nation covers a massive 1.6 million square kilometers and is among the largest countries in the Middle East. The state ranks among the most populous nations in the world, with more than eighty-three million people. The vast population explains the diversity that characterizes people of Iranian heritage in the US.  

An overview of People of Haitian and Iranian Heritage in the US

More than half-a-million Haitians are estimated to reside in the United States of America. A significant portion of this population came into the country in the aftermath of the massive earthquake that struck Haiti in 2010 (Lundahl, 2015). The allure of more significant political freedom and economic stability has proven irresistible to many people who come from Haiti. Most people of Haitian descent reside in Florida, New York, California, Chicago, and Boston. The social composition of Haiti has played a significant role in the existence of classes in that society. The Haiti society comprises the Spanish, the French, Black Africans, and the Arawak Indians. 

On the other hand, people of Iranian descent are estimated to be more than 400,000, with at least half of this population residing in California alone. As insinuated in the preceding section, Iran boasts a diverse society that can be traced to its ancient civilizations that brought people from different backgrounds under one rule (Nagel, 2018). Islam is the most dominant religion in the nation, and it has informed most of the ideological and institutional developments back in Iran. 

An Analysis of their Heritage

Delving into the country profiles of these two countries is an essential step toward understanding the heritage of people whose genealogy is tied to Iran or Haiti. Factors like the dominant religion, geographical location, population, and economic status are key pointers of why people behave in a given way. 

The Political and Economic Situation

Haiti is one of the poorest countries in the world. The country is ranked among the poorest countries in the world, with its income per capita estimated to fall way below 450 dollars. Finance experts estimate that more than six million Haitian live below the poverty line, with almost half of this population surviving on less than a dollar a day (Lundahl, 2015). In contrast, Iran has a more developed economy, with the state being a significant player as it owns various enterprises. The country is considered to be on the upper side of the middle-income countries’ bracket. 

On the political frontier, the two countries have differing inclinations. Iran is an authoritarian regime in which critical decisions are made by the Supreme Leader (Abrahamian, 2018). While the state changed its constitution to embrace a mixture of democracy and religion-based governance, the nation’s human rights record is nothing to write home about. Political dissidents are persecuted and restricted from partaking in elections. The president’s powers are subject to the discretion of the Supreme Leader. Iran’s legal regime is punitive for children, with many juvenile offenders being executed. Haiti is a more democratic regime with a president who is elected every five years through popular mandate and a prime minister who is chosen by the president. 

Healthcare (Health, Illness, and Death) and Religious Beliefs

From a religious point of view, most Haitians subscribe to Christianity as a religion. Even so, superstition is commonplace, and it often expresses itself in the beliefs of Haitians concerning health. Haitians believe that health, life, and death are factors that derive from the divine intervention (George, 2020). Consequently, one’s health status at any given point is God’s will. This attitude has resulted in many people of Haitian heritage, seeing no need to seek healthcare services as they believe that God’s will shall be done. Home remedies are the go-to solutions for Haitians with medical interventions coming as a last resort. Haitians show reverence to the dead as they believe that the dead still influences the living. However, conventional Haitian beliefs do not profess the existence of an afterlife.

People of Iranian descent are more open to healthcare interventions. Iranians embody the Islamic perspective that the body is a vessel that ought to serve God’s will, their families, and broader society (Zibad et al., 2017). Therefore, Iranians are proactive in pursuing actions that improve their health. However, they are conservative and desire to have as much information as possible on the medical procedures recommended so that they can decide on their suitability. Under Iranian traditions, death is nothing more than a transition into the next life. Therefore, the dead are to be washed and purified to ease their transition and acceptance into the next phase. 


Traditional beliefs play an essential role in one’s life. As evidenced by an analysis of Iranians and Haitians, heritage defines the core of one’s being even when that person has migrated far away from his or her motherland. Therefore, comprehending the salient features of a particular population’s heritage is essential in addressing their socio-economic needs as well as factoring in their political concerns in governance. Medical education and spiritual assistance may be needed, especially in healthcare, to help segments of these populations make correct decisions. 


Abrahamian, E. (2018). A history of modern Iran. Cambridge University Press.

George, N. (2020). Understanding Haitian Immigrant’s Health Practices.

Lundahl, M. (2015). Peasants and Poverty (Routledge Revivals): A Study of Haiti. Routledge.

Nagel, A. (2018). World Heritage in Iran: Perspectives on Pasargadae (Heritage, Culture, and Identity). Iranian Studies51(1), 161–170.

Zibad, H. A., Foroughan, M., Shahboulaghi, F. M., Rafiey, H., & Rassouli, M. (2017). Perception of spiritual health: A qualitative content analysis in Iranian older adults. Educational Gerontology43(1), 21–32.

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Please reply to Research # 2  Dayra

Need to reply with 1 to 2 paragraphs with a minimum of 250 words including 2 different reference with citation

The Haitian and Iranian heritage

Haiti is a name that alludes to the mountains, which is resultant from the languages of the Taino Indians that had settled the island beforehand the European establishment.  After freedom in 1804, the name was embraced by the military generals, and numerous of them were former slaves from African descent, with a remaining 5% being whites and mulatto.  Haiti covers an approximate area of at least 27, 750 kilometers squire, and is located in the subtropics in Hispaniola, which is the second-largest island in the Caribbean—bordering with the Spanish speaking Dominican Republic (Compareti, 2018). The adjoining islands comprise of Cuba, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico. Three-quarters of the land topography comprises of mountains with the uppermost peak being the Morne de Selle. The microclimate ranges from mild to cold, which varies with the attitude. The hills are calcareous and not volcanic, offering a way to various microclimatic and soil features. The Haitian island is also located with the Caribbean hurricane belt.

The Iranian people, also called the Iranian people are the Indo-European ethno linguistic groups. Currently, the number of people of Iranian heritage in the United States of America is quite hard to determine. Still, it is estimated to range from over 400,000 to over one million, and at least half of them are living in California. At least 99% of the people e of Iranian heritage are Muslims who demonstrate enormous variation regarding traditions, to the highly acculturate in the reasons for their departure from Iran. Some of the people of Iranian heritage still refer to themselves as Persians for political and historical reasons. Unlike the Haitian heritages whose locations are mountainous regions, the Iranian people are located in the southwest of Asia on the high plateaus, which is located between the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea and the Gulf of Oman to the south. The Iranian regions comprise of the basin, which is surrounded by the heavily eroded highland ranges, primarily the Elburz Mountains and the Zagros. The location is quite unstable, characterized by earthquakes and significant cases of volcanic activities.

The Iranian people have embraced various bodies dominated by clergy oversee a mixed system of government, which is characterized by the executive, the judiciary, and the parliament’s hat. On the other hand, the Haitian people have embraced a framework characterized by a unitary to a semi-presidential political system in which the president is the head of the state and prime minister being the head of the government (Bellegarde-Smith & Michel, 2016). The Haitian people comprise the world’s most impoverished communities due to the poor economic policies in the region. The Haitian economy keeps sliding back to the repressed categories. Mai n trade goods in Haitian communities include apparel, manufactures, oils, mangoes, cocoa, and bitter oranges, among others. Other Iranian economic actions are characterized by trading in the hydrocarbons, agricultural products, and manufacturing and financial services (Grigor, 2019).

The Haitian people take pride in conserving their customary cultural, spiritual, and household values. The Haitians are primarily Catholics and take voodoo seriously, believing in the prayers’ capabilities to heal. The Haitians who believe in voodoo gather to venerate deities, ancestors and spirits who their believe receive powers form God and the worship of spirits is believed to be a reliever of illnesses and to protect them from substantial harm. On the other hand, most of the Iranians are Muslims and venerate Mohamed as the prophet of Allah. According to the Iranians, the body is regarded as holy and associated with God, while the family is a critical aspect of their life. Unlike the Haitians, the Iranians embrace the western medications and have respect for scientific education and hence corporate in procedures such as blood transfusion, surgeries, and organ transplants.

The Haitians generally fear abdominal surgery (Purnell, 2018). The Haitians use the terms a very sick to imply that they are in critical condition or that they may never w be well again and that death is imminent. In case the Haitians have to undergo surgery, they have to inform other family members and rarely want to know about the procedures. The Haitians generally prefer to be cared for at home and die at home rather than a hospital and do not acknowledge or encourage blood donations. Haitians have a unfathomable respect for the dead and belief in the reappearance. To the Iranians, death is the beginning of a new life, strengthening their relationship with God. The clinicians must seek permission to touch the patients and clarify the procedures to win the client’s cooperation. The most important thing a health care provider can do while treating patients from either culture is remain culturally competent. 


Bellegarde-Smith, P., & Michel, C. (2016). Haitian vodou: Spirit, myth, and reality. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Compareti, M. (2018). Fabulous creatures and spirits in ancient Iranian culture: Proceedings of a Workshop held on May 3rd 2016 at the Near Eastern Department, University of California Berkeley. Bologna: Paolo Emilio Persiani.

Grigor, T. (2019). Building Iran modernism, architecture, and national heritage under the Pahlavi monarchs. New York: Periscope Publ.

Purnell, L. D. (2013). Transcultural health care: A culturally competent approach. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis.

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