Health Promotion

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Department of Health and Social Care

You are strongly advised to read “Preparation guidelines of the Coursework Document” before answering your assignment.
Case study
A multitude of different social, economic and cultural factors determine a person’s health. This means that people living in the same community, or people of the same age, can have vastly different chances of good health.
Instinctively you might think that access to health services is the biggest factor in determining health. However, many other things significantly affect our likelihood of good health. It can also be easy to blame individuals for their poor health, or congratulate others for good health, yet in reality many of the determinants of health are out of our own personal control. Underlying these broad factors is a much deeper level of structural causes, which are more difficult to change.
John is 30 years old and has a history of asthma, diabetes, is a smoker and has been overweight for most of his adult life. He lives with his wife and 3 children on a council estate housing which is overcrowded. Often he is unable to pay for the electrical bill and provide food for his family. His wife and children are overweight and they suffer from asthma. John is due to go back to his country as his visa to remain in this country will expire soon. He recently went to the GP after not visiting the GP for 2 years about a minor complaint, and as a matter of course his blood pressure was taken. Much to his surprise, it was above what was considered acceptable. His doctor started him on medication because his high blood pressure was high enough to warrant immediate action.
His blood pressure dropped, but unfortunately he still did not change his lifestyle and did not take his medication as scheduled. John is unemployed for the past 2 years and receives unemployment benefits so he does not have very much disposable income. John subsequently became depressed and lacks energy. He returned to his GP, who sent him to a Health and Wellbeing Clinic to check his blood pressure and to seek advice from health professionals who would give him advice on how to better control his blood pressure, diabetes and overweight. At the clinic he was given advice on how to change his lifestyle, which included reducing salt in his diet. However, due to cultural factors, socioeconomic factors, he struggled to eat proper meals and he did not follow any of the advice given and his blood pressure and diabetes remained a cause for concern.

Task 2: LO2 Understand Models of Health Promotion
(Up to 1000 recommended words)
What you must do
Public Health England has on online blog called Public Health Matters. Public Health England’s mission is to protect and improve the nation’s health and to address inequalities through working with national and local government, the NHS, industry and the voluntary and community sector. You have been invited to write for this blog focusing on understanding Models of Health Promotion. In your blog, you must address the following and link your answer to the case study to demonstrate further understanding.

2.1 analyse the links between government strategies and models of health promotion.

Definitions :models eg Social; behavioural change, healthy , education, differences between health promotion and health education

Government strategies: Campaigns eg anti -smoking campaigns, Healthy Eating, Dare Campaign; Vaccination Programmes, Safety in the home, sun protection, Sure Start, Every Child matters, Government Health promotion Targets

National and Regional health promotion: structures eg National institute for clinical Excellence (NICE), Role of Primary care Trust, Partnerships between Local Authorities and Strategic health authorities; role of voluntary groups eg Epilepsy Action and Asthma UK

2.2 explain the role different professionals in health and social care have on meeting health promotion targets set by government.

Role Of Professionals: health Visitors and others eg School Nurses; School dental checks Liaison with parents and Carers

2.3 Discuss the role of routines in promoting healthy living.

Routines within Settings: personal Hygiene; Healthy eating; resting; exercise

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