# Chapter 11 Variance Analysis Project

Chapter 11 Variance Analysis Project
Winter 2020
This project is to be completed in Excel (all parts) and submitted through the
Moodle dropbox by 11:55 PM on Wednesday April 01, 2020.
The Case (40 marks):
Linda Trueblood, president of ProSkate, was staring at the most recent quarterly
performance report and was not pleased. “How can this be possible?” she asked of
her senior management team. “I thought the market for our products had
improved and that all we needed to do was maintain our budgeted market share.
But this report tells me that our profits are below expectations, and I do not
understand that.” She then turned her attention to the manufacturing manager,
wondering what story was going to emerge from his side. The performance report
she was reviewing contained the following information:
Sales \$2,880,000
Less: Cost of goods sold
Variable \$617,256
Fixed 992,750 1,610,006
Gross margin \$1,269,994
Variable \$172,800
Fixed 450,000 622,800
Operating income \$ 647,194
Other information is as follows:
a. Overall profit variance was \$107,294 U.
b. Sales revenues were \$144,000 lower than the static budgeted amount.
c. Contribution margin was \$105,144 lower than the budgeted amount.
d. Actual market share was about 0.535% lower than the budgeted 10%.
ProSkate manufactures two types of skates: professional and amateur. The
Adapted from Thinking Analytically 11-1, Brewer et. al., 2017 page 742 – 744
Brewer, Garrison, Noreen, Kalagnanam, Vaidyanathan (2017). Introduction to Managerial Accounting (5th Canadian
edition), USA: McGraw-Hill Ryerson.
1. The company sold 7,200 pairs of professional skates and 18,000 pairs of
amateur skates during the quarter, compared with the budgeted quantities
of 8,000 and 17,600, respectively.
2. Budgeted unit contribution margins for the professional and amateur
models were \$185.55 and \$40.38, respectively.
3. Direct materials were purchased at the budgeted price of \$28 per kilogram;
all materials purchased were used during the period. Direct labour was paid
\$0.50 per hour higher than the budgeted amount of \$14 per hour for both
types of skates.
4. Total direct materials variance amounted to \$5,040 (unfavourable).
5. Direct materials and direct labour used for the amateur model were the
same as the standard quantity and hours (0.28 kilograms per unit and 0.40
hours per unit, respectively). Standard quantity and hours per unit of the
professional model were 0.40 kilograms and 0.75 hours.
6. The total direct materials and direct labour used for the professional model
during the quarter were 3,060 kilograms and 5,040 hours, respectively.
7. The predetermined allocation rate for variable overhead was 130% of the
standard direct labour cost;
Required:
Adapted from Thinking Analytically 11-1, Brewer et. al., 2017 page 742 – 744
Brewer, Garrison, Noreen, Kalagnanam, Vaidyanathan (2017). Introduction to Managerial Accounting (5th Canadian
edition), USA: McGraw-Hill Ryerson.
1. Compute the following total variances in Excel (inclusive of the professional
and amateur skates) (12 marks):
i) Direct materials price variance (2 marks)
ii) Direct materials quantity variance (2marks)
iii) Direct labour rate variance (2 marks)
iv) Direct labour efficiency variance (2 marks)
v) Variable overhead rate variance (2 marks)
vi) Variable overhead efficiency variance (2 marks)
You may use the variance tree method or the equation method.
Be sure to label each of the variances as favourable (F) or unfavourable (U).
2. Suggest at least two possible reasons for each of the variances above. (15
marks)
3. Prepare the standard cost cards for both the professional skate model, and
the amateur skate model. Standard cost cards should include the direct
materials, direct labour, and variable manufacturing overhead per unit. You
should also have the standard quantity/hours per unit, and the standard
price/rate per unit, multiplied by each other to get the standard cost per
unit for the amateur model and professional model. (13 marks)
The suggested format in Excel is to have 3 tabs (one for Required #1 and 2 as they
are linked, one for Required #3, and one for Required #4).
Hints
– Start with the variance analysis – complete what information you know from
above, and determine what you still need to complete the analysis, then
attempt to calculate or find it
Cheating and plagiarism
This is an individual assignment. You are to prepare the variance analysis project
Adapted from Thinking Analytically 11-1, Brewer et. al., 2017 page 742 – 744
Brewer, Garrison, Noreen, Kalagnanam, Vaidyanathan (2017). Introduction to Managerial Accounting (5th Canadian
edition), USA: McGraw-Hill Ryerson.
should not be someone else’s or downloaded from anywhere on the internet.
ALL instances of cheating or plagiarism will be reported to the Dean’s office and
may result in suspension from the Business Program.

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